Difference b/w Raster And Vector Art | 8 Main Variations

Raster & Vector art are two different ways to create images. Raster is a digital image format composed of pixels while Vector Art, an image format defined by mathematical equations. Raster gives realistic visuals like photographs and Vector is ideal for scalable graphics like logos and illustrations.

raster and vector art

What is Raster Art?

Raster art, also known as bitmap art, creates images that are composed of pixels with a specific color value. These pixels collectively form the complete picture. Raster art is resolution-dependent; it depends on the number of pixels per inch (PPI) or dots per inch (DPI); higher resolutions result in larger file sizes. 

Raster art is widely used in photography, web graphics, digital painting, and print media due to its ability to capture detailed graphics and a wide range of colors. Picture quality can be lost when scaled up and typically has larger file sizes compared to vector graphics.

What is Vector Art?

Vector art is art that is created by using mathematical equations to define shapes, lines, and colors. Unlike raster art, which is composed of individual pixels, vector art is based on paths and curves that can be created in any size without losing its quality.

This scalability is a key advantage of vector art, making it ideal for designs that require resizing, such as logos, illustrations, and typography. Common file formats for vector art include SVG, EPS, and PDF. Vector art is often created using tools like Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, or Inkscape.,

Difference Between Raster And Vector Art:

A comprehensive difference between vector and raster line art is discussed below:

Elements Vector Art Raster Art
Composition Defined by mathematical equations; composed of paths, lines, and shapes. Composed of individual pixels, each with a specific color value.
Scalability Can be scaled to any size without losing quality. Quality may degrade when scaled up, leading to pixelation.
Resolution Resolution-independent; quality is not tied to pixel count. Resolution-dependent; quality is determined by the number of pixels.
File Size Typically smaller file sizes compared to raster art. File sizes can be larger, especially for high-resolution images.
Editing Easy to edit and manipulate shapes, colors, and sizes. Editing may be more complex, especially when scaling or adjusting pixels.
Suitable For Ideal for logos, illustrations, typography, and designs requiring scalability. Best suited for photographs, detailed artwork, and graphics not requiring scalability.
Software Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, Inkscape, among others. Adobe Photoshop, GIMP, Corel Painter, among others.
Common Formats SVG, AI, EPS, PDF. JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP, TIFF.

Why Vector Art is Important:

So many reasons why vector art is important. 

  1. Scalability: Can be resized without losing quality.
  2. Flexibility: Easily edited, modified, and manipulated.
  3. Quality: Maintains sharpness and clarity irrespective of resolution.
  4. File Size: Smaller than raster images, making them easier to transmit.
  5. Versatility: This can be used across various platforms and mediums.
  6. Editing Capabilities: Offers a wide range of tools for creating and editing graphics.
  7. Consistency: Ensures consistency across different devices and resolutions, which is crucial for branding.

Why Raster Art is Important : 

Some main reasons why raster art is important are as follows;

  1. Photorealism:  Makes complex and realistic visuals essential for photography and digital art.
  2. Versatility:  it covers a wide range of visual styles, from detailed photographs to abstract graphics.
  3. Complexity: Allows for visually rich and complex images, different shading, textures, and effects.
  4. Familiarity: Supported across different platforms and software to make sure compatibility and ease of sharing.
  5. Artistic Expression: Provides artists with a range of digital tools and techniques for creative expression.
  6. Practicality: Well designed for high-resolution output, making it essential in industries like advertising and publishing.


In conclusion, raster and vector art the two different types of graphics having elements of own characteristics. Vector, for sure, is suitable for making logos, illustrations, and product artwork, while raster art mainly involves photography. These types of art are important because they let you create amazing things, whether it’s realistic or visual. In the end, these both bring realistic graphics in different ranges.


1.What are the famous tools used for Rater Art?

Most famous tools used for Raster Art are Adobe Photoshop, Corel Painter, CorelDRAW, and Paint.net. These software have different types of editing features and provide a comprehensive user interface.

2.List some techniques to optimise the raster art image used in the website?

It includes the resizing of pictures and the format of the file, which must be optimised. For optimisation, you should choose the required dimension of the image, compress the file sizes to reduce loading time, and select the format of the site in JPG or PNG.

3.What are the advantages of using vector art instead of raster?

The main advantages of using vector line art over raster line art include its scalability, smaller file sizes, and ease of editing. It can easily be resized without any change to its resolution.

4.Common applications of vector art?

Graphic designing, illustration, animation, Website designing,  Print Media, Fashion and Textile design, Branding, and Marketing are the main applications that are using vector art for these designs.

5.Can vector art converted into raster art?

Yes, this can be converted through a process known as Rasterization. This is mostly done when the images are required for websites.



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